Over 80% PMAY-Gramin beneficiaries spent more than allocated amount to build houses: Reports, ET RealEstate

October 14, 2023

NEW DELHI: More than 80 per cent of Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin beneficiaries spent over Rs 1.50 lakh to construct houses under the scheme, higher than the allocated Rs 1.20 lakh for rural areas in plains and Rs 1.30 lakh in hills, according to surveys done in 2022.

Conducted by National Level Monitoring (NLM) agents in three phases, the surveys took responses of around 15,000 beneficiaries of the scheme across the country, and the findings were released in three reports.

The Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana-Gramin (PMAY-G) aims at providing a ‘pucca’ house to people living in rural areas who don’t have one. The unit assistance provided under the scheme is Rs 1.20 lakh in the plains and Rs 1.30 lakh in hilly and difficult areas as well as Integrated Action Plan (IAP) districts.

The surveys, done by independent agencies empanelled as NLMs, aimed at monitoring the progress and implementation of the scheme with an objective to assess the ‘ease of living’ from the experience of beneficiaries and the ‘ease of governance’ from the point of view of efficacy of the implementation processes.

It was done in three phases in January, May and August-September of 2022. In the first phase, 4,051 PMAY-G beneficiaries in 85 districts of 10 states were surveyed, in the second phase, 5,281 beneficiaries in 111 districts in 25 states and in the third phase, 5,700 beneficiaries in 110 districts of 24 states.

In the survey’s first phase, 15 per cent of respondents said they had spent up to Rs 1.50 lakh to construct their houses, in the second phase it was 19 per cent and in the third phase it was 16 per cent, the reports showed.

Thirty-four per cent respondents in the first phase of the study reported spending between Rs 1.50 lakh and Rs 2 lakh on construction of their houses. The figures for the second and third phases were 38 per cent and and 39 per cent, respectively, according to data in the reports.

Data showed that around 16 per cent of beneficiaries in the first phase, 15 per cent in the second phase and 22 per cent in the third phase of the survey stated that they had spent between Rs 2 lakh and 2.5 lakh to construct their houses.

In phase one of the survey three per cent of beneficiaries, one per cent in the second phase and one per cent in the third phase had spent more than Rs 7 lakh on construction of their houses, the reports showed.

The reports also pointed out discrepancies in ‘AwaasSoft’, a web-based platform to facilitate e-governance in the PMAY-G. There were 184 cases across the country where the completion status online did not match with AwaasSoft, according to the reports.

In many cases, under-construction house were shown as completed on the Management Information System (MIS). The pictures uploaded on the system were fake or forged and misrepresenting the actual status, the reports said.

The reports said that NLMs during their interactions with the beneficiaries came across incidents of rent-seeking or corruption. It said that such cases may be reported in very small numbers, but they do point towards corrupt practices.

They mentioned cases from states such as Jharkhand, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Manipur, Tripura and Karnataka.

One of the reports cited a case from Giridih in Jharkhand. Tuklal Rai said a fellow villager made him pay Rs 4,000 to ensure his selection as a beneficiary of the scheme, it said and added that there are a number of cases in which people who already had a ‘pucca’ house and still got benefitted under the scheme.

In Rajasthan’s Alwar, a beneficiary, Prem Meena, received funds under the PMAY-G even though she had a ‘pucca’ house, the report mentioned.

  • Published On Oct 14, 2023 at 12:00 PM IST

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Abhay Singh

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